Management, Recycling, Disposal

This study examines the expansion of the role of the producers of recyclable goods in the arena of Korean waste management between 1992 and 2010. In the late 1980s, increasing waste generation became a serious problem in Korean society. To initiate recycling activities, the producer-based Deposit Refund System (DRS) was introduced in 1992. The major feature of DRS was a combination of a deposit on sales of recyclable products with a refund upon proper recycling.
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The primary responsibility for providing on-the-ground services and for ensuring the controlled management of solid waste, on the other hand, lies with the local authorities. Often fiscally constrained with many competing priorities beyond waste, local authorities may have limited ability to deliver adequate services.
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The global sanitation workforce bridges the gap between sanitation infrastructure and the provision of sanitation services. Sanitation workers provide an essential public service but often at the cost of their dignity, safety, health, and living conditions. They are some of the most vulnerable workers. They are far too often invisible, unquantified, and ostracized, and many of the challenges they face stem from this fundamental lack of acknowledgment.
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The West African coastline is home to major industries, mining activities, peri-urban and agro-industry, and tourism, as well as urban and seaside residences, all of which generate waste and cause pollution. Many areas along the coast also lack adequate wastewater and solid waste management systems. As a result, large volumes of untreated wastewater and solid waste are dumped into the open, polluting the land and water
 
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In 2002, PPIAF supported the government of Ethiopia in the formulation of a strategy for private sector involvement in municipal solid waste management sector, including generation, collection, storage, transport, and disposal of waste. The findings were presented at four stakeholder workshops on private sector participation in the sector.
 
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A risk assessment aims to identify current and future climate change-induced hazards to the providence 1 (P-1) and providence 2 (P-2) landfills, which are existing coastal waste management systems in Mahe island of the Republic of Seychelles. The assessment results provided valuable information that will be used to identify alternatives in technological, socioeconomic, and financing assessment.
 
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Since 2000 the municipal waste management sector in BiH is under reform driven by the policy framework of the European Union (EU). As a potential candidate country for EU accession Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH) has initiated harmonization of its legislation with that of the EU. The existing waste management set-up for both waste collection and disposal is inadequate in most municipalities. The recycling industry in FBiH is not well developed mainly due to the limited size of the market.
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In 2002, PPIAF supported the government of Ethiopia in the formulation of a strategy for private sector involvement in municipal solid waste management sector, including generation, collection, storage, transport, and disposal of waste. The findings were presented at four stakeholder workshops on private sector participation in the sector.
 
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Along with economic growth and improved living standards, waste from households, industries, and commercial or service establishments is expected to increase rapidly over the next years. Managing this waste is a hard challenge for the Government of Vietnam because of its substantial cost and lack of awareness and participation of people and businesses. Wastes can be classified according to: their form (wastewater, solid waste); their origin (industrial wastes, agricultural wastes, urban (municipal) wastes); and their hazardous nature (non-hazardous or hazardous).
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The study comprised two activities, namely (i) Assessment of coastal waste management infrastructure in light of climate risks and (ii) Assessment of social aspects of plastics and solid waste management. While both assessments help to build capacity within the Government and relevant national stakeholders concerned with waste management, each assessment addresses specific issues:
 
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