Management, Recycling, Disposal

Pakistan, India, and Nepal share one common ecological characteristic: the snow-capped mountain peaks of the Himalayan mountain range. The mountains bestow these countries with pristine landscapes and are the headwaters of many rivers. Concurrently, this unique mountain ecology offers these countries an opportunity to foster a green economy that leverages these natural assets for economic growth. However, these mountain ecosystems are fragile and must be well managed to ensure the livability of communities and environmental sustainability.
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Nepal conjures up images of the Himalayas, climbing expeditions, tranquility in nature, and adventure holidays, making the country one of the most sought-after destinations for nature-based tourism. Ecologically sensitive areas as well as mountainous regions face some similar challenges when it comes to solid waste management (SWM). This study recommends that solutions need to be steadily built on a framework in order to successfully and sustainably manage mountain waste.
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India is the second largest country in the world in terms of population and is rapidly catching up to the People’s Republic of China. A rapidly increasing population, coupled with sustained economic growth and urbanization, has led to an uncontrolled increase in waste generation in the country. Even within cities, there is a variation in service provision with wealthier neighborhoods receiving more frequent municipal solid waste (MSW) collection services and street sweeping compared to poorer areas and slums that receive no services.
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The objective of this guide is to establish the instruments for the development of a characterization study of urban solid waste, in residential and non-residential buildings. Said instruments constitute a series of basic procedures that describe the steps to follow to obtain the information corresponding to the characteristics of the MSW, such as: generation per capita, weight, volume, apparent density and humidity; Also, it describes how to obtain the samples and their distribution.
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The development of a waste management system, from where waste management is minimal to sustainable resource management, can be considered in terms of three key steps: (1) establishing waste collection services to protect public health; (2) improving waste treatment and disposal to provide environmental protection; and (3) implementing systems and incentives to enable the transition to sustainable resource management. Read the document to find out more.
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The Urban Land and Housing Market Assessment Toolkit aims to assist practitioners in undertaking a standard upstream diagnosis to inform policies and programs in the housing sector at the city level in developing countries, with a focus on the supply side. It is designed to balance the need for achieving a comprehensive assessment of a complex sector like housing and the political impetus to identify problems and take actions within a short timeframe.
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Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) management is a crucial service provided by cities around the world, but is often inefficient and underperforming in developing countries. This report provides eight examples of RBF designs, each tailored to the specific context and needs of the solid waste sector in the specific city or country.
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Many large-scale composting projects in developing countries face technical and financial challenges yet the financial aspects are less well understood. This knowledge product focuses on understanding sustainable business models for composting projects, identifying enabling conditions, and providing case studies as a means to learn directly from cities.
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Landfill gas (LFG) management can help mitigate greenhouse gas emissions and contribute to the overall safe operation of a landfill, sometimes simultaneously generating revenue. However, financing these systems can be a challenge, particularly in low-resource settings.
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The Decision Maker’s Guides for Solid Waste Management Technologies were created to help mayors and decision makers understand the various technologies and when they would be appropriate based on local circumstances. Mayors are often approached by different solid waste management technology vendors and these guides aim to provide objective guidance and critical considerations. They offer insights into implementing environmentally sound treatment and disposal solutions.
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