2.Project Concept Assessment Tool
3.Sample Project Concept Note
6.Sample Consultant Terms of Reference
8.Sample Request for Qualifications (RFQ)
9.Sample Request for Proposal (Single-Stage Bid Process)
10.Sample Request for Proposal (Two-Stage Bid Process)
11.Sample Municipal PPP Agreement
16.Harnessing Land Value Capture
17.Capturing Commercial Value
19.Private Sector Context
20.Summary Practical Advice for Decision Makers
Presents practitioners with a series of fundamental questions concerning the municipality’s institutional capacity and the applicable legal and regulatory framework to provide a basic assessment of whether a municipality is ready to pursue a PPP project or program. This tool can help a municipality better assess its institutional strengths and weaknesses in terms of capacity to implement a PPP and identify reforms that may be needed to obtain sufficient expertise, capacity, and legal authority to use PPPs.
Project Concept Assessment Tool
This module is intended to help practitioners make an initial assessment of project feasibility as a PPP, based on core project characteristics set forth in Module 3: Sample Project Concept Note. It is not expected that detailed, project-level information will be available at this stage. Rather, this tool is designed to help practitioners determine if it is reasonable to undertake a feasibility study, considering the type of information a feasibility study would need to produce, and the foreseeable or likely results.
Sample Project Concept Note
This module provides a template form, as well as a completed example, of a Project Concept Note, which should be completed before assessing a project’s potential for delivery as a PPP (see Module 2). It is not expected that detailed information on all the topics covered by the Project Concept Note will be available at the time it is completed. Rather, this document is intended to help practitioners think strategically about what is and needs to be known about a project to evaluate its potential as a PPP and whether there is a reasonable basis for undertaking a more comprehensive feasibility study.
This module describes the general requirements of a feasibility study, which constitutes the basis for the decision by the municipality for a project to proceed to procurement and implementation. Given the importance of the assessment and detailed technical analysis required, feasibility studies are generally implemented by a qualified external consultant hired by the municipality. The requirements described in this module can serve as a checklist for the verification by the municipality of the quality of the feasibility study report submitted by the consultant.
This module provides practical guidance on how municipalities should oversee, review, and manage consultants during each of the specific stages in the PPP project management cycle. Municipalities should rely on the support of experienced, external consultants to help prepare and implement PPP projects, bringing in their knowledge and experience on project design and implementation. Municipalities need to be able to comfortably review the analyses, project documents, and the recommendations prepared by these specialist advisers.
Sample Consultant Terms of Reference
The Terms of Reference used in a particular project should clearly articulate all the requirements of the consulting services to be provided and expectations of the contracting authority. The consulting services covered in this module include the completion of a pre-feasibility study, market sounding and feasibility study, as well as the provision of transaction advisory services from the project’s bidding preparation through financial close. This Terms of Reference is provided only as a sample document. It must be adapted to fit the unique circumstances and needs of each particular municipality and project for which its use is intended. National and local laws, regulations, policies and practices may prescribe a different approach to procuring project-level consulting services.
This module provides detailed, practical guidance on how municipalities, their PPP project managers, and their transaction advisers should oversee, review, and manage the tendering and procurement phase of municipal PPPs, including recommendations for addressing the more common real-world challenges and issues when implementing PPP procurement.
Sample Request for Qualifications (RFQ)
This module provides a sample Request for Qualifications for municipal PPP procurement purposes. It is provided only as a sample document. It must be adapted to fit the unique circumstances and needs of each particular municipality and project for which its use is intended. National and local laws, regulations, policies and practices may prescribe a different approach to procurement.
Sample Request for Proposal (Single-Stage Bid Process)
This module provides a sample Request for Proposal for municipal PPP procurement purposes in a single-stage bid process. It is provided only as a sample document. It must be adapted to fit the unique circumstances and needs of each particular municipality and project for which its use is intended. National and local laws, regulations, policies and practices may prescribe a different approach to procurement.
Sample Request for Proposal (Two-Stage Bid Process)
This module provides a sample Request for Proposal for municipal PPP procurement purposes in a two-stage bid process. It is provided only as a sample document. It must be adapted to fit the unique circumstances and needs of each particular municipality and project for which its use is intended. National and local laws, regulations, policies and practices may prescribe a different approach to procurement.
Sample Municipal PPP Agreement
This module provides a sample Municipal PPP Agreement. It is provided only as a sample document. It is based on the World Bank Guidance on PPP Contractual Provisions (2017 Edition) and has been kept as simple as possible. It must be adapted to fit the unique circumstances and needs of each particular municipality and project for which its use is intended. National and local laws, regulations, policies and practices may prescribe a different approach to PPP contracts.
This module provides guidance on contract management over the PPP project life cycle— what activities and risks should be monitored and managed during various stages of project implementation. It reflects the critical role of the municipality during PPP project implementation. This module provides guidance on how the municipality can manage implementation of the PPP to improve the likelihood of success.
This module provides guidance on the skills that municipalities should possess to sustainably develop, implement, and manage municipal PPP projects. The municipality is not required to possess all the detailed PPP skills and expertise on its own to pursue PPP projects. Instead, municipalities should be supported by experienced PPP consultants and advisers. However, municipal internal capacity remains key to successful PPP delivery, particularly at early phases of the project cycle and in evaluating the outputs of consultants for decision making.
This module provides guidance on the preparation of a communication strategy for the implementation of municipal PPPs. A communication strategy conveys to stakeholders the objectives, roles, safeguards, and key performance targets of the project. Devising and implementing a sound communication plan can help prevent critical misunderstandings as well as ensure mechanisms to better address the specific needs and concerns of each stakeholder within the PPP project structure.
This module sets out some of the specific requirements of a few different sectors to help understand the different risks and issues relevant to a variety of project types, including: transportation, telecommunications, power, water and sanitation, health, education, and urban services.
Harnessing Land Value Capture
This module introduces concepts of land value capture and describes a few of the key instruments that municipalities can use to capture land value. The notion of ‘land value capture,’ is to mobilize some or all of the land value increases resulting from actions other than those of the landowner. The objective is to draw on publicly generated land value increases to enable local administrations to improve their land use management practices, and to help them fund more urban infrastructure and service provision.
Capturing Commercial Value
This module provides an introduction to commercial value capture and then describes opportunities for and examples of commercial value capture in a few sectors. Commercial activities around municipal investments often result in significant profits for the private sector, including by providing opportunities for higher value, more or new commercial activities. PPP can provide a useful mechanism to mobilize commercial revenues to fund public infrastructure and services.
This module sets out different tools to be used throughout the PPP project cycle to engage with the communities affected by and associated with the project, with a special focus on women and the poor. Community engagement provides critical information for PPP project design, to ensure services are delivered in the right way, to the right people. Community engagement can also help create local community buy-in to the project and facilitate adaptation to change.
Private Sector Context
This module explores a few issues that are critically important to the private sector partner (PSP) to a PPP, to help the municipality understand the kind of issues that are important for the PSP and the due diligence the PSP will perform. Municipalities should review projects from the perspective of the PSP to understand better the PSP’s perspective and priorities in advance of the bidding process and to prepare for the kind of questions and concerns that the PSP will likely raise. The feasibility study and the PPP agreement should address these issues.
Summary Practical Advice for Decision Makers
This module summarizes the key messages for policymakers and practitioners provided in the Municipal PPP Framework. They are organized around five main concepts related to PPP project delivery: selection, funding, preparation, procurement, and implementation. Where relevant, reference is made to project summaries that help to show the relevance of these messages in the context of actual municipal PPP projects.