Nature-based Solutions, Green Infrastructure

Nature as infrastructure has the potential to be a transformative concept for development. It goes beyond nature-based solutions or mitigating the impact of human development on nature. Infrastructure is traditionally defined as the organizational structures and facilities that allow for the operation of society. It should now be clear that nature is an inseparable part of it. The degradation of nature and biodiversity over the past decades thus poses an existential risk as much as climate change. This must be reversed quickly, together with climate change.
 
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This report was first published before the final decision on the Global Biodiversity Framework was made at the CBD meeting in December 2022. Some important issues relating to implementation of Target 3 are still being discussed; the text remains ambiguous in places and it will take several months to interpret and agree ways forward. However, the practical guidance outlined below has not been affected by revisions at the CBD Conference of Parties.
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This guide is about how to plan and implement the new global target for effectively and equitably conserving at least 30% of the Earth by 2030. The Global Biodiversity Framework (GBF), adopted by Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity in December 2022, includes Target 3, the “30x30” target.
 
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The purpose of this paper is to provide a practical framework to guide governments in catalyzing and scaling up public and private investment in Blue Carbon as part of their blue economy development. It does this by describing in detail a Blue Carbon Readiness Framework, a step-by-step, well-illustrated guide with simple checklists. Client countries can use the illustrations and checklists to determine their readiness to catalyze and scale up investment in blue carbon credit finance. The Blue Carbon Readiness Framework consists of three pillars: 1. Data and Analytics; 2.
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As part of a series of publications to help financial institutions understand the relevance and implications of the Kunming-Montreal Global Biodiversity Framework (GBF), this briefing provides banks a first overview of how the GBF applies to their industry, through the axes of risk, opportunities, dependencies and impacts. It aims to support the industry in managing associated risks, capturing relevant opportunities and preparing for anticipated policy developments that will yield new compliance and disclosure requirements.
 
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The State of Finance for Nature is a series that aims to quantify public and private finance flows to nature-based solutions and the extent to which finance flows are aligned with global targets and the investment needed to limit global warming to below 1.5°C, halt biodiversity loss and achieve land degradation neutrality. It has a broader scope than the inaugural report in 2021.
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In the face of unprecedented biodiversity loss, 196 countries adopted in December 2022 the Kunming-Montreal Global Biodiversity Framework (GBF) providing a global framework to halt and reverse nature loss by 2030. This report provides an overview of the goals of the GBF and recommendations on how investors should implement them. It supports investors in managing associated risks and preparing for anticipated policy developments.
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Infrastructure is one of the main drivers of biodiversity loss. For example, 95% of deforestation in the Brazilian Amazon is within 5 km of a road. Infrastructure also contributes approximately 79% of global greenhouse gas emissions, with most associated with energy, buildings and transport. There is increasing recognition that the two greatest challenges of our time – climate change and biodiversity loss – cannot be meaningfully addressed without a fundamental shift in how we conceptualise, design and construct our infrastructure.
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Nature-based solutions (NBS) have gained traction in recent years because of their potential to promote sustainable development and reduce disaster risks. In addition to their socioeconomic benefits for people, NBS can be used for up to 37 percent of the climate mitigation actions needed to achieve the emissions goals of the Paris Agreement.
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This paper discusses how the Latin American and Caribbean region is on the verge of a transition from experimenting with nature-based solutions (NBS) to adopting it on a much wider scale that can transform infrastructure planning and investments for the better. NBS can contribute to equitable and sustainable development across this region, and can provide benefits to multiple sectors and societal challenges.
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