Cultural Heritage

Rebuilding cities and towns after protracted conflict is a more common occurrence than many would find acceptable. It is also a policy challenge that can either exacerbate or help alleviate simmering tensions. Urban planning in the face of conflict, therefore, is an instrument by which economies and societies can be rebuilt.
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The countries of the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) are blessed with an extraordinary cultural patrimony, secular and religious, of huge importance for each country and for humankind at large. The region is home to 48 sites already inscribed on the world heritage list maintained by the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) and has an enormous nonmaterial heritage as well. The Middle East is also the cradle of the world's major monotheistic religions.
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The partnership between the World Bank and Italian Development Cooperation was established around the role of culture in sustainable development. This is a report of the activities of the partnership, which have been grouped under five broad categories: a) project preparation; b) analytical work and policy support; c) knowledge exchanges; d) publications; and e) program support.
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This report details the evolution of Seoul’s efforts since the 1960s to balance all three elements of this critical equation: cultural heritage, sustainable tourism, and urban regeneration. The five case studies in this report provide illustrations of technical and operational best practices, and map out pitfalls and challenges to be avoided. We sincerely hope that readers will find that a keen, balanced understanding of urban development, economic growth, and cultural awareness can be achieved through carefully designed policies and professional management.
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Japan’s cultural heritage (CH) is among the richest in the world, but the country is faced with some of the most difficult challenges in its exposure to hazards. With earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, tsunamis, typhoons, floods, landslides, and fire, Japan is ranked second, behind the Philippines, for exposure to natural hazards, according to the INFORM Global Risk Index 2019.
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A comprehensive guide on disaster preparedness for cultural heritage was produced by the international center for the study of preservation and restoration and the committee of the blue shield about 10 years ago to provide guidelines for local and national authorities in countries and regions at risk of natural hazards.
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The rich cultural heritage of China is an essential touchstone of its collective identity. The country's archaeological sites, historic architecture, expressive arts, cultural landscapes, and ethnic diversity also are treasured around the world. Despite their importance, China's cultural assets are under tremendous pressure due to the country's rapid development, particularly its rapid urbanization.
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Cultural heritage is vulnerable to the adverse impacts of natural disasters, and climate change is adding to the urgency of addressing this challenge. Countries around the world are employing a variety of measures to safeguard cultural heritage against disaster risks, drawing on relevant conventions, policy frameworks, and guidance.
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This report summarizes the motivation, objectives, methodology, results and lessons learned from the design and implementation of the Demonstration Program on Inclusive Heritage-based City Development in India. The development objective of this program is to test an inclusive heritage-based approach to city development planning in three pilot cities with a focus on learning and future expansion.
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Although World Bank projects in the cultural heritage field are subject to the usual assessments that are applied to any project implementation, little is known about the subsequent performance of these projects in the years post-completion. This study was undertaken to provide some empirical evidence for the economic impacts of cultural heritage investment.
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