Urban Planning

Open spaces are essential resources for public health and the environment: they provide places for recreation, cultural enrichment, learning, exercise, and relaxation, as well as crucial support for wildlife and habitat, clean air and water, and local economies.
 
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The emergence of the COVID-19 pandemic in 2020 created a temporary crisis of confidence in the future of cities. However, a broad consensus is that urbanization remains a powerful twenty-first century mega-trend; and that well-planned towns and cities remain central to the sustainable development trajectory. There is a sense of optimism that the crisis may provide us with the opportunity to build back differently, more inclusively, greener and safer.
 
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In order to respond to the challenges and growing demand of counterparts, partners and populations to better integrate nature in cities, AFD Group has developed this technical guide "Biodiversity in Cities". In urban areas, biodiversity makes it possible to act simultaneously on health and well-being of inhabitants, on employment, on resilience to natural risks and on climate. It thus complements actions in the water management, agriculture and fisheries sectors.
 
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Cities4Biodiversity (C4B) participants convened in April 2022 to explore the first of a series of themes critical to the purpose of C4B – developing and supporting a network of cities forging commitments to incorporate climate and nature-based solutions into project design, planning and implementation. Conducted over six days, the Green Cities Deep-Dive Learning included plenary and breakout sessions with presentations from 35 cities in 16 countries.
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Cities are central to economic growth and have a pivotal role to play in achieving global climate, nature, and sustainable development goals. Yet this potential remains largely untapped as cities continue to face unprecedented environmental and social challenges. The current COVID-19 pandemic has affected cities deeply, and continues to be a barrier to sustainable and equitable development. The pandemic has widened already vulnerable gaps, and impacted capacity of cities to adopt sustainable pathways for future growth.
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It is estimated that around 600,000 motored vehicles enter the city of Asunción each day, adding a lot of pressure to the already dense traffic. The car-centric design of cities like Asunción, Ñemby and Fernando de la Mora, makes urban mobility uncomfortable and less safe for pedestrians, as well as unfriendly towards more sustainable modes of transportation like bicycles. Interim tactical urbanism interventions can work as means to increase road safety and promote citizen participation.
 
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With its focus on community participation, this Note helps to promote participatory slum upgrading in their dialogue with the client and throughout project preparation and implementation. Targeted at the Bank-financed projects, the Note is for government-led slum upgrading initiatives and is written from a perspective of how the Bank teams can help governments explore and create a room for community participation in their formal policy, program and projects on slum upgrading.
 
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Rebuilding cities and towns after protracted conflict is a more common occurrence than many would find acceptable. It is also a policy challenge that can either exacerbate or help alleviate simmering tensions. Urban planning in the face of conflict, therefore, is an instrument by which economies and societies can be rebuilt.
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This is a policy brief with recommendations for national governments to accelerate urban efforts to help them achieve the Global Biodiversity Framework (GBF) 2030 Action Targets. This report is a response to the call from the Plan of Action on Subnational Governments, Cities and Local Authorities for Biodiversity for a whole-of-government approach to be adopted. Local governments are key players that can engage with and contribute to the implementation of the 2030 Action Targets.
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