Greenhouse Gases (GHG)

The Korean government introduced its Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR) system in 2000 that strengthened producers responsibility from the production stage up to collection and recycling. EPR system is applied to four packaging materials (paper packaging, glass bottles, metal cans, and plastic packaging), lubricants, tires, fluorescent light bulbs, batteries and electronic products.
 
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This report synthesis the findings for the waste sector of a broader study, the Brazil low carbon study, which was undertaken by the World Bank in its initiative to support Brazil's integrated effort towards reducing national and global emissions of Greenhouse Gases (GHG) while promoting long term development. The purpose of the present report is to assist in the preparation of public policy proposals regarding GHG emissions and the additional financial resources necessary.
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 Burning of garbage is prevalent in Latin America at poorly managed disposal sites and when it is used as a means of disposal at the household level in rural areas and other areas not adequately covered by collection. Waste burning is one of the major sources of dioxins and furans in these Countries. Current strategies to reduce these emissions include the long term process of converting dumpsites to landfills and expanding collection to areas not covered by the collection service.
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This study was undertaken to identify and assess the technologies available worldwide for treatment and disposal of municipal solid waste (MSW), and to make a general assessment of the applicability of these technologies to various waste management 'settings' within the Latin American and Caribbean (LAC) Region. Each technology was evaluated for a number of key attributes, including demonstrated commercial viability, economics, institutional factors, sustainability metrics, and environmental attributes, including emissions of dioxins and furans.
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National, regional and local governments around the world are taking steps to tackle climate change. In order to do so they need to track and report their climate data. However, in some instances, greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions are hard to accurately track and/or quantify.
 
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Landfill gas (LFG) management can help mitigate greenhouse gas emissions and contribute to the overall safe operation of a landfill, sometimes simultaneously generating revenue. However, financing these systems can be a challenge, particularly in low-resource settings.
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National, local and other subnational governments need to work together to track performance and implement effective, coordinated climate action, with the aim to progressively raise local, national and global ambitions. Linking national and subnational climate reporting is a key element for effective climate governance. This report is a snapshot of the targets, performance inventories, action plans and actions from the carbonn Climate Registry (cCR), of the most widely used subnational climate action reporting systems in the world.

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This is a synthesis report of data from the carbonn Climate Registry. It looks at subnational alignment with the 1.5-degree target, key climate hazards and how two-way dialogue and data-sharing can raise climate ambitions. Special attention is given to the importance of integrated Measuring, Reporting and Verification (MRV) systems, and how such systems can help coordinate, target and build support for climate initiatives.

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The Transport Emissions & Social Cost Assessment is a project under the World Resources Institute’s Sustainable and Livable Cities Program, funded by the Caterpillar Foundation. The project aims to develop a methodology guide, with a simple MS Excel– based tool, to estimate transport emissions inventories and evaluate the associated social impact costs.

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